Attacking and defending castles

Castles following the Norman Conquest of England in 1066

William the Conqueror built many Motte and Bailey castles to show the power of the Normans.  These were usually built in areas that had rebelled against him.  The Motte and Bailey was an excellent castle to begin the conquest of England because it was so quick to build.

Motte and Bailey castle

This diagram clearly shows the main disadvantage with the Mottle and Bailey castle though - it was made of wood.  Anyone who wanted to attack the castle could simply set it alight.

Very soon, castles were replaced with more permanent materials - stone was used and castle designs improved.  This lesson will help you understand how methods to attack castles also developed!

Make sure you are ready to take notes.


Lesson by Mr Field