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Castles: Where Would Be The Best Site For A Castle?


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#1 beany

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Posted 31 January 2009 - 07:19 PM

is a castle better when it is in the sea or on a hill? thanks in advance for any replies

:wacko:

#2 MrJohnDClare

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Posted 31 January 2009 - 09:21 PM

There isn't a right or wrong answer.

A castle is best when it's safest from capture.
I think your teacher wants you to think about and compare the advantages of the two sites.

So:
1. Why is being surrounded by water a good defensive position - what makes it difficult to capture?
2. Why is being on a hill a good defensive position - what makes it difficult to capture?

Then come to a conclusion.

#3 Mr. D. Bryant

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Posted 07 November 2011 - 12:58 PM

is a castle better when it is in the sea or on a hill? thanks in advance for any replies
:wacko:


I'm just going to develop this a little. Building a castle cost a lot of time, effort and money; so it was very important to build it in the right place. The first thing to think about was why was a particular castle being built? Was it to control a town or city (like the Tower of London)? Or to act as a base for the local lord of the manor like many motte and bailey castles? Perhaps it was to stop foreign invasions such as Carlisle Castle. Or to defend an important port like Dover.

This would determine the general area where a castle was being built. Then there were lots of other decisions to make. It was important to make sure that it wasn't easy to capture a castle, as Mr. Clare has indicated. However, if you wanted a castle to become a focus for royal or noble power by using it as the starting point for a new town (good examples are Caernarvon and Pembroke), then you couldn't build it somewhere too inaccessible (difficult to get to). Also, how are you going to feed the soldiers and other inhabitants if it is the middle of nowhere?

One of the most important considerations was the water supply. You would need to think about how the castle would survive if it was under siege. If you were well prepared then the castle would be full of supplies. But you would still need water to drink and cook with. Where would it come from? (Don't say the tap; the Roman water supply system was long gone.)

There were other things to think about as well, but that will do for now. As Mr. Clare pointed out:

There isn't a right or wrong answer... I think your teacher wants you to think about and compare the advantages of the two sites.






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