Jump to content


Photo

Help With Igcse (Edexcel) - Development Of Dictatorship: Italy (1918-4


  • Please log in to reply
8 replies to this topic

#1 vaz

vaz
  • Student
  • 3 posts

Posted 28 October 2010 - 09:08 PM

I would be grateful for any helpful resources on this topic as there are currently no available textbooks that cover Italy under the IGCSE spec. I am doing the Edexcel version not CIE

In particular I would like resources to cover aspects such as how Mussolini was able to come into power etc.

I have added a practice paper set of questions from the specification below and would be grateful for any help with the topics included.

A4: Development of dictatorship: Italy, 191843

A. Study these events which occurred in Italy in the years 191829. (3 marks)
Write these events in the correct chronological sequence.
- The March On Rome
- Murder of Matteotti
- The Lateran Pacts
- The setting up of the fascist party
- The Acerbo Electoral Law

B. Choose either The Murder of Matteotti or The Acerbo Electoral Law and describe one effect on Italy of the event you have chosen. (4 Marks)

C. Why were the Lateran Pacts important to Mussolini? Explain your answer. (8 Marks)

D. Study the source below and then answer the question that follows. (10 Marks)

Source: from a modern textbook
During the 1920s Mussolini was very popular with many Italians. But in the 1930s he began to lose his appeal. Some of his plans were not thought through. When they did not work, Mussolini tended to give up. People began to realise that his claim to be some sort of a superman was simply not true.

Use the source, and your own knowledge, to explain why Mussolini became less popular in the 1930s.


(Total for Question A4: 25 marks)

Edited by vaz, 28 October 2010 - 11:49 PM.


#2 Mr. D. Bryant

Mr. D. Bryant
  • Moderating Teacher & Admin
  • 1,084 posts
  • Gender:Male
  • Location:Hertfordshire
  • Interests:History teacher, with special interest in military history.

Posted 28 October 2010 - 11:42 PM

Welcome to the Forum.

This will take a little time, but I wanted to reassure that we had received your post. We will get back to you soon.

#3 vaz

vaz
  • Student
  • 3 posts

Posted 13 April 2011 - 09:20 PM

No one ever seemed to reply to this question, however I have got the real IGCSE very soon and would be grateful for any help with the topics.

#4 MrJohnDClare

MrJohnDClare
  • Moderating Teacher & Admin
  • 5,342 posts
  • Gender:Male
  • Location:County Durham

Posted 13 April 2011 - 10:03 PM

Ooops.
We are so sorry - you just got forgotten.
A few days after you posted, I fell out of my loft and spent a month crocked up - and you got forgotten in the !PAIN! :o

The problem is that I know virtually nothing about Mussolini, and so too, apparently, Mr Bryant!
So I will have to go away and see what I can find out, and that takes a little while.

However, give me a couple of days and - if I have not posted anything yet, bump this thread again.
Accidents willing, I will say something which hopefully will be useful.

Sorry
:blush:

#5 MrJohnDClare

MrJohnDClare
  • Moderating Teacher & Admin
  • 5,342 posts
  • Gender:Male
  • Location:County Durham

Posted 15 April 2011 - 10:18 AM

As I said, I am a complete novice on Mussolini, which is perhaps a culpable gap!

I did a google book search for "Rise of Mussolini", which turned up a range of resources, from a simplistic American SAT reader through a couple of decent textbooks to a very detailed book of key primary sources.

This seems a decent simple overview-textbook.

This google book - the Oxford Handbook of Fascism - has a very detailed section on Italian Fascism.


So I enjoyed reading about him, but I was unsure what you actually wanted.
Have you any specific questions?
Do you just want guidance about answering the questions you posed?

#6 vaz

vaz
  • Student
  • 3 posts

Posted 17 April 2011 - 09:16 PM

As I said, I am a complete novice on Mussolini, which is perhaps a culpable gap!

I did a google book search for "Rise of Mussolini", which turned up a range of resources, from a simplistic American SAT reader through a couple of decent textbooks to a very detailed book of key primary sources.

This seems a decent simple overview-textbook.

This google book - the Oxford Handbook of Fascism - has a very detailed section on Italian Fascism.


So I enjoyed reading about him, but I was unsure what you actually wanted.
Have you any specific questions?
Do you just want guidance about answering the questions you posed?


Thanks for replying. In particular I wanted help with how Mussolini came to power, the significance of the march on rome and also his economic policies and declaration of dictatorship upon the murder of Matteotti, once agin I would be grateful if someone could summarise how these events occurred.

#7 Mr. D. Bryant

Mr. D. Bryant
  • Moderating Teacher & Admin
  • 1,084 posts
  • Gender:Male
  • Location:Hertfordshire
  • Interests:History teacher, with special interest in military history.

Posted 24 April 2011 - 12:59 PM

I am very sorry that you have been kept waiting so long, but both Mr. Clare and I have been away. We promise to get back to you as soon as possible, but it's diffuult to get to the library until Tuesday because of all the holidays.

#8 MrJohnDClare

MrJohnDClare
  • Moderating Teacher & Admin
  • 5,342 posts
  • Gender:Male
  • Location:County Durham

Posted 27 April 2011 - 05:05 PM

Found this the other day. As I have said to anothre student, this is an exellent site - but you may find the content too simple, as it appears to be aimed at GCSE.

Beyond that, it seems to be google books I'm afraid.

#9 Mr. D. Bryant

Mr. D. Bryant
  • Moderating Teacher & Admin
  • 1,084 posts
  • Gender:Male
  • Location:Hertfordshire
  • Interests:History teacher, with special interest in military history.

Posted 08 August 2011 - 03:25 PM

In particular I wanted help with how Mussolini came to power, the significance of the march on rome and also his economic policies and declaration of dictatorship upon the murder of Matteotti, once agin I would be grateful if someone could summarise how these events occurred.


The 'March on Rome' was the culmination in a series of events which led to Mussolini becoming Prime Minister, which can be traced from May 1921 to October 1922. Mussolini's fascists gained 35 seats in the May 1921 election. His task was then to convince the middle classes (especially),conservatives, landowners and industrialists that only Fascism could replace the Liberals and stop the Socialists. This meant changing the public image of the Fascist Party which led to opposition from some of his own part memebers.

Mussolini was helped by divisions within the Liberals, unstable governments and a growing breakdown of law and order (mainly caused by the Fascists). In October 1921 Mussolini established the National Fascist Party which gave him greater control of the movement. He then began to take measures to win over the Roman Catholic Church and conservative Italians by stressing his patriotism and commitment to strong government. At the same time Mussolini continued to use violence to weaken the opposition and show Italy that a strong leader was needed. A Socialist general strike in July 1922 was a failure and helped convince many people that the Fascists would bring law and order.

Many Fascists wanted to take power by a coup d'etat and Mussolini kept them happy by planning the March on Rome. However, it seems that Mussolini actually intended the March as a means of forcing poloticians to make him Prime Minister, rather than taking power by force. He carefully reassured the King (Victor Emmanuel) that he was not going to overthrow him. This was important because the King controlled the Army.

On October 27th 1922 Fascists took over town halls, telephone exchanges and railway stations across northern Italy. The next day the government took measures to stop the advance of the Fascists, but then the King changed his mind and stopped the preparations. Presumably he hoped that a government including Fascists would strengthen Italy. Mussolini refused to accept any other postion than Prime Minister and got his wish on 29th October 1922. However, he was not in complete control and the Fascist dictatorship did not arrive until 1924.

As a further source of information I would recommend the Access to History book 'Italy: the Rise of Fascism 1915-1945', 3rd edition, by Mark Robson, published in 2006 (the Amazon listing is here). It's an A-Level textbook, but very thorough. There doesn't seem to be much on Mussolini at GCSE level. The information given is derived from this book.




0 user(s) are reading this topic

0 members, 0 guests, 0 anonymous users