Jump to content


Photo

Nazi Opposition


  • Please log in to reply
3 replies to this topic

#1 maz

maz
  • Student
  • 5 posts

Posted 04 May 2004 - 03:35 PM

How did the divisions between the different opposition groups contribute to the failure of nazi opposition.
I don't really understand what the question is asking.

#2 Mrs Faithorn

Mrs Faithorn
  • Moderating Teacher
  • 2,803 posts

Posted 04 May 2004 - 04:18 PM

How did the divisions between the different opposition groups contribute to the failure of nazi opposition.


This is a question about the failure of opposition to the Nazis. That much understood I guess!

Are you familiar with the idea that opposition to the Nazis was not (until the July Bomb Plot of 1944) coordinated in any way?

Different groups and individuals opposed Nazi ideas and actions (eg Socialists, Communists, some Protestant and Catholic clergymen, young people such as the White Rose Group) but they didn't work together in any way. In fact until Germany invaded the USSR in 1941 the Socialists and Communists were enemies and certainly would not cooperate with each other at all. Furthermore the various oppositional groups opposed the Nazis for different reasons and wanted different things for Germany if they were successful.

So.... what this question is asking you to do is to explain that opposition was divided and also to show that this was bound to lead to failure since in the main no individual person or group had the level of support amongst Germans to be successful. The only group in Germany that stood any chance of overthrowing the Nazi Regime was the Army and whilst Germany was successful militarily (ie up to the beginning of 1943 - Battle of Stalingrad) the Army was broadly supportive of Hitler.

Is this a real GCSE question? If so, how many marks did it carry? I ask that because whether I need to give more advice/information depends on your answer. If this is an AS or A2 question then I can help further.

Hope this helps, but post again if you need to.

#3 maz

maz
  • Student
  • 5 posts

Posted 04 May 2004 - 04:39 PM

The full question was:-
Explain how the following together contributed to th e failure of opposition to Nazi rule
a)the methods of the SS and the Gestapo
b)the economic policies of the Nazis
c)the divisions between the different opposition groups

and question is worth 10 marks and its from a past GCSE paper.

#4 Mrs Faithorn

Mrs Faithorn
  • Moderating Teacher
  • 2,803 posts

Posted 04 May 2004 - 06:08 PM

The full question was:-
Explain how the following together contributed to the failure of opposition to Nazi rule
a)the methods of the SS and the Gestapo
b)the economic policies of the Nazis
c)the divisions between the different opposition groups

and question is worth 10 marks and its from a past GCSE paper.

OK. In that case then you would need to write an essay that in total was roughly one - one and a half sides of A 4 in length. I mention that only to point out that you won't need/be able to go into lots of descriptive detail.

The really important thing to do is to make sure that you take carefully note that the question says:" Explain how the following together contributed to the failure of opposition to Nazi rule."

The three factors given in the question all contributed in one way or the other to the failure of opposition to the Nazis:
a) because SA and SS methods contributed to a climate of fear and terror in which opposition was extremely dangerous. (I assume you know all about this?)

b) because Nazi economic policies created work and virtually eliminated unemployment and thus gave the ordinary German much to be grateful for (compared with the disastrous economic situation immediately before the Nazis came to power). The Nazis had kept their promise of providing 'Work and Bread' and thus many Germans were unwilling to oppose the regime. There is plenty of evidence from former active Socialists and Trade Union Leaders complaining that all the workers were interested in was a "comfortable life" and moaning about their unwillingness to oppose the regime. (ie German workers were politically apathetic)
Can I assume you have some factual knowledge on this?

c) as I said before really ... what opposition there was was divided (wanted different things and wouldn't/didn't cooperate). It was therefore weak. I am still not sure whether you need factual information on all of this?

What you would need to do is to write a paragraph about each of the three factors explaining carefully - together with some well chosen factual detail to back up what you are saying - how each factor meant that opposition was a failure.

However it is very important that not only do you link/explain each factor to the question, but that you also emphasise that all three factors worked together to ensure that opposition was a failure. In other words you need to show/explain that the opposition failed because of a combination of all three factors. Unless you do this you wouldn't get a top level mark.

I hope that helps.

If you do need more factual information about any of this then do say so.




0 user(s) are reading this topic

0 members, 0 guests, 0 anonymous users